Left to Right (dipped in Rooting Hormone powder):Nodal, Modified Mallet or Half-Mallet
(these 2 opposite cuttings share half of the same Mallet), Mallet, Heel.
The Heel Cutting is not really cut; but Pulled from the parent twig. This
includes a sliver of bark and Cambium from the junction or nodal area which
are thought to contain or produce growth Hormones that encourage or stimulate
root growth. Here a Lilac Cutting is being
pulled from the parent stem. It is not pulled down; but out the side. Often
it includes a sliver attached to the bottom. The sliver is trimmed as shown.
Pulling eliminates the chance of transferring bacteria with your cutting
There are several types of stem
Cuttings (plus root Cuttings and leaf Cuttings), depending on how and where
on the stem the "cut" is made:
The little bumps on twigs where
buds appear are called Nodes.
A Cut just below a Node is called a Nodal
Cuts made between Nodes are
called Internodal Cuttings.
Cuttings which include a portion
of the parent twig look like a wooden mallet, and are called Mallet Cuttings.
These might be called "Pullings",
since they are pulled from the parent twig along with additional Cambium
and those special cells which are thought to produce hormones which encourage
While we're on the subject of
Pulling Cuttings, lets mention pulling Suckers out of the ground. They
may be extensions of the parent plant and have roots attached. Seeds which
drop to the ground and grow into seedlings may also be had for the pulling.
Waiting for a rain or digging
these out may provide a higher degree of success, since there should be
less root loss. Often they can be successfully planted, with no more care
than watering and the humidity afforded by an enclosure.
Since some cuttings produce
minimal Hormones and others produce excessive Hormones, it may be best
to plant Cuttings in close proximity so they can all benefit from the collective
Hormone "pool". You may be interested in Wrapped
Cuttings which provide this advantage.